It is very important to know how to change tyres of any vehicle. You can’t end up helpless and just leave the vehicle on the roadside if in case the tyre gets punctured. It is easier to change the tyres of a two- wheeler and a car than compared to a truck. So anyone that’s changing the tyre should be very careful and should have complete knowledge of what they’re doing.
To begin with, it is a must to purchase some equipment that does not come along with the truck. They are, flashlight, firm wood, gloves and wheel wedges.
Items required to change a tyre are:
- Lug wrench
- Fully inflated spare tyre
- Vehicle owner’s manual
It is strongly recommended that the spare tyre is regularly inflated. Along with that, it is necessary to check the spare tyre’s air pressure frequently as well. Another thing to keep in mind is to check the pressure every month or so and especially before travelling on long trips.
Step 1: Find a Safe Location
The moment you realize that the tyre needs to be changed, the truck should never be stopped abruptly or turned suddenly. A clear scanning of the road should be made in order to check whether the side of the road is empty and equally levelled. The road must be of the same level as the truck shouldn’t get a chance to roll down.
Step 2: Turn on the Hazards Lights
Turning these lights on, especially when it is dark can avoid any accidents or crashes. This also gives the other vehicle drivers a signal that the truck has been parked at the side of the road.
Step 3: Apply the Parking Brake
Once the truck is finally stopped, the parking brakes need to be applied. This minimises the chance of the truck losing grip and rolling.
Step 4: Place the Wheel Wedges
Applying the parking brake is not enough. Along with that, wheel wedges need to be placed behind the wheels of the truck despite the truck being on flat ground. If the rear tyre needs to be changed, then the wedges need to be placed behind the front wheels. If the front wheel needs to be changed, then the wedges must be behind the rear tyres. In case there isn’t any wheel wedges then big bricks should do just fine.
Step 5: Remove the Wheel Cover/ Hubcap
Removing the hubcap that covers the lug nuts makes it easier to lift the truck with a jack. The hubcap should be removed using the flat end of the lug wrench.
Step 6: Loosen the Lug Nuts
With the help of the lug wrench, break the resistance by turning the lug nuts anti-clockwise. Only 1/4th of the lug nut should be removed at first. It can be entirely removed while removing the tyre of the truck.
Step 7: Placing the Jack Under the Truck
The jack should be placed beneath the truck next to the tyre that needs to be changed.
Step 8: Raise the Truck with the Jack
Place a small chunk of wood beneath the jack so that the truck doesn’t miss the balance because of its heavy weight. By positioning the jack properly, the truck should be raised up until the tyre is at least 6in above the ground. The next step is to unscrew the lug nuts.
Step 9: Remove the Tyre that Needs to be Changed
Grip the tyre by its treads, and pull it towards you until it is free from the hub behind. After this, place the spare tyre on the hub by aligning it with the rim using the lug bolts. Then, push the bolts gently until it is seen through the rim.
Step 10: Tighten the Lug Nuts
Fit the lug nuts back on the bolts and tighten them using hands first. Later, after bringing the vehicle down, tighten the nuts using a wrench and make sure they are tightly secured.
Step 11: Check the Pressure of the Spare Tyre
Once the tyre is fixed, check the pressure to ensure that it is safe to drive.
Step 12: Take the Damaged Tyre to the Mechanic
Instead of just throwing the tyre away, fixing the minor problems such as a hole or cuts can save one from spending a lot of money.
So here are the 12 steps to change the tyre of a truck. Although it looks like a lot of heavy work to do, following the steps correctly will make it so much easier.
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